Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is the removal of the natural lens of the eye (also called "crystalline lens") that has developed an opacification, which is referred to as a cataract. Metabolic changes of the crystalline lens fibers over time lead to the development of the cataract and loss of transparency, causing impairment or loss of vision. Many patients' first symptoms are strong glare from lights and small light sources at night, along with reduced acuity at low light levels. During cataract surgery, a patient's cloudy natural cataract lens is removed and replaced with a synthetic lens to restore the lens's transparency.

Gomabai Netralaya offers the latest small incision surgery (SICS) with Phaco emulsification and implantation of a foldable Intraocular Lens. It also has facilities of implanting Toric, Multifocal and ICL Lenses.

Cataract Surgery - Wikipedia ..

Vitreoretinal Surgery

Retina is the light sensitive film in the back of the eye.  The image is perceived here and transmitted to the brain by the optic nerve.  The vitreous is the clear gel that fills the back of the eye. Diseases of  retina can affect at any age. Premature infants can be affected by a disease  called - ROP (Retinopathy of Prematurity). Heredity and age related degenerations can affect  the retina - especially the central most sensitive part of the retina called  'macula'. The retina can separate from the back of the eye - a condition called  'Retinal Detachment'. The Vitreous gel can become opaque due to blood - a  condition called 'Vitreous hemorrhage'. This condition can occur in diabetics;  following injury and in other conditions.
        The treatments available are  Retinal Cryopexy, Retinal Detachment Surgery and  Complex Vitreoretinal Surgery for  diabetic Retinopathy and Laser Photocoagulation etc.

Vitreoretinal Surgery - Wikipedia

Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology dealing with children’s eye diseases. The human visual system develops as the brain matures, a process that takes about ten years. Although a baby’s eyes are optically capable of seeing, infant vision is limited to around 20/1500 (the ability to see the shapes of people but not their features), in part because the brain has not learned how to process the visual messages it receives. As visual development proceeds, that same child will eventually be able to detect the finest details in an image.

Some ophthalmic problems encountered in children and frequently treated by our specialists include amblyopiastrabismuspediatric glaucoma, brain disorders that affect vision, retinopathy of prematurity and retinoblastoma.

Pediatric Ophthalmology Wikipedia ..

Low Vision Aids


        We pick up where your eye doctor leaves you off. If your doctor tells you that your vision cannot be improved by surgery or glasses and there's nothing more he or she can do, we can help.
              The Low Vision Clinic has the most complete inventory of optical devices from simple hand held magnifiers to the latest electronic aids and they're all available for you to try. 



  • Visual rehabilitation through the use of low vision aids and devices, such as hand and stand magnifiers, hands free devices, distance aids and electronic equipment 
  • Instructions for the uses of various optical aids.
  • Low vision evaluation & functional assessment by an ophthalmologist specialized in low vision.
  • Review of activities of daily living skills for unmet needs.
  • Education and resource information.
  • Assistance in obtaining additional services from other agencies in the State.


LASIK or Lasik (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), commonly referred to as laser eye surgery or laser vision correction, is a type of refractive surgery for the correction of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The LASIK surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist who uses a laser or microkeratome to reshape the eye's cornea in order to improve visual acuity. For most patients, LASIK provides a permanent alternative to eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Lasik Wikipedia ..

Cornea Transplant: Surgery

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil and anterior chamber. The surgical procedure is performed by ophthalmologists, physicians who specialize in eyes, and is often done on an outpatient basis. The corneal transplantation is performed when medicines, keratoconus conservative surgery and cross-linking cannot heal the cornea anymore. Corneal transplantation, also known as corneal grafting, is a surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue (the graft). When the entire cornea is replaced it is known as penetrating keratoplasty and when only part of the cornea is replaced it is known as lamellar keratoplasty. Keratoplasty simply means surgery to the cornea. The graft is taken from a recently dead individual with no known diseases or other factors that may affect the chance of survival of the donated tissue or the health of the recipient.

Cornea Transplant Surgery - Wikipedia ..


Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. The most common type is open-angle glaucoma with less common types including closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain. Side vision may begin to decrease followed by central vision resulting in blindness if not treated. Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly. The sudden presentation may involve severe eye pain, blurred vision, mid-dilated pupil, redness of the eye, and nausea. Vision loss from glaucoma, once it has occurred, is permanent.

Glaucoma Wikipedia ..




Oculoplastic surgery, or oculoplastics, is the subspecialty of ophthalmology that deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures. Oculoplastic surgeons perform procedures such as the repair of droopy eyelids (blepharoplasty), repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes, and facial rejuvenation procedures including laser skin resurfacing, eye lifts, brow lifts, and even facelifts.

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Contact Lens

Contact lenses  are devices made of medical grade plastic materials used mainly for correction  of refractive error.  They offer a more active spectacle free life,  greater cosmetic acceptability, better & clearer images, lack of misting  and a wider field of view than spectacles. Our contact lens clinic provides  contact lens trial, fitting and dispensing for cases ranging from simple  refractive errors to complex corneal surfaces such as post-transplant eyes and  patients with keratoconus.

Contact Lens Wikipedia ..


A scleral lens, also known as a scleral contact lens and ocular surface prostheses is a large contact lens that rests on the sclera and creates a tear-filled vault over the cornea.Scleral lenses are designed to treat a variety of eye conditions, many of which do not respond to other forms of treatment.

Scleral lens wikipedia...